The State of California has descended into drought. Reduced water levels in reservoirs, lakes, and dams are causing issues for the production of energy and the consumption of water. provides a map demonstrating the severe nature of this shortage, with different levels of drought assigned to regions:

  1. D0: Abnormally dry
  2. D1: Moderate Drought
  3. D2: Severe Drought
  4. D3: Extreme Drought
  5. D4: Exceptional Drought

Currently, most of California is in a state of extreme or exceptional drought, with Santa Clara County being placed in the D3/D4 rating.

The following water conservation tips are sourced from (and are available on)

Indoor Conservation Tips

  • Fix leaks, including leaky toilets
  • Install high-efficiency toilets, aerators on bathroom faucets, and water-efficient shower heads
  • Take shorter (5 minute) showers
  • Track your water bill and meter to curtail water use
  • Turn off water when brushing teeth or shaving
  • Use dishwashers and washing machines with full loads only

Outdoor Conservation Tips

  • Plant drought-tolerant/resistant plants and trees
  • Recycle indoor water to use on plants
  • Refrain from watering your home landscape when it rains
  • Replace your grass/turf with water-wise plants
  • Use a broom to clean driveways, patios, and sidewalks instead of water from a hose
  • Water your outdoor landscape earlier in the day when temperatures are cooler

Following water conservation guidelines and tips will assist the environment and the state when coping with this crisis.